The world’s forests are being rapidly destroye by a tidal wave of illegal logging, driven by an unregulated international trade in stolen wood. These forests are home to most of the species listed on the CITES Appendices. Though the international community has committed to take urgent action to tackle illegal logging and associated trade, listings on CITES are currently the only means by which consuming countries can halt shipments of illegally sourced timber and wood products. Indonesia’s Appendix III listing of ramin (Gonystylus spp.), an endangered tree being logged illegally in National Parks, has proved that CITES can be a powerful tool in protecting forests from the scourge of timber theft. Though it is not the ultimate answer to the problem, where appropriate CITES could – and should – be doing much more. Further Appendix III listings of threatened tree species are justified and should be supported. Implementation and enforcement of Appendix III must also be improved. Despite the success of the current listing, ramin remains under threat. The remnants of Malaysia’s ramin forests are being exploited unsustainably, despite nominal protection. Though ramin is banned from cutting and export in Indonesia – the only other significant range state – stolen wood continues to be laundered through neighbouring Malaysia in quantities which exceed the global annual legal supply. Experts agree that ramin qualifies for inclusion on Appendix II, and such a listing would provide much needed additional protection. This listing should be supported, as should the inclusion of processed parts and products, which represent the vast majority of international trade.