An environmental crime of almost unimaginable scale continues to unfold across Indonesia. Since the late 1990s the country’s forests have been ransacked, with the government acting as little more than a bystander. Vast profits have been accrued by a handful of influential timber barons, which the Indonesian justice system has totally failed to prosecute. As long as the main culprits are at liberty the illegal logging crisis in Indonesia will continue. Since 2005 the government has taken commendable measures to reduce the incidence of illegal logging and timber smuggling. Factories in Indonesia and in timber processing centres such as Malaysia and China can no longer obtain the same volume of cheap timber stolen from Indonesia. Yet while the impact of the enforcement actions may be wide it is still shallow. Most of the individuals caught up in the clampdown are the workers who toil at the lower levels of the illegal timber supply chain – the loggers in the forest, the truck drivers, and the captains of ships. The major timber barons remain at large. Their protectors in the upper levels of the police and military have never been pursued. In 1999 EIA/Telapak documented the systematic theft of valuable ramin timber from Tanjung Puting National Park. The trail of evidence led to the door of the Tanjung Lingga company and its founder Abdul Rasyid. EIA/Telapak made the plight of the park a test case of the resolve of the Indonesian government to tackle illegal logging and bring those profiteers behind it to justice. Since then governments and ministers have come and gone with the same result. The test has failed. Rasyid and officials from Tanjung Lingga have not been made to pay for their crimes.