The Aru community has a long history of tenure conflict against large-scale land investment plans that threaten their living space. Since the 1990s, the community has been confronted with corporations exploiting forests and fish resources in Aru. In 2013, the community strongly rejected plans for sugar cane plantations covering almost 70% of Aru’s land area. Finally, in 2018, the permit for the largest cattle ranch in Indonesia, around 61,000 hectares in South Aru, was received and received a response of rejection from the community. Currently, all these threats are back in various new forms and faces. In 2021, PT Wana Sejahtera Abadi re-activated natural forest utilization permits (PBPH-HA) covering an area of 54,560 hectares on the small islands of Wokam and Woham, Aru Islands. There are four subdistricts, namely District Aru Utara Timur Batuley (villages Kobamar and Kompane), District Sir-Sir (Bardefan and Goda-Goda villages), District Aru Islands (Gorar, Lau-Lau, Tungu, Tunguwatu, and Nafar villages), and District Aru Tengah (Selibata-Bata and Wakua villages). These four sub-districts are affected by this company’s activities. PT Wana Sejahtera Abadi received strong resistance from the Aru community, so the company’s activities have not operated since the permit was issued in 2012. In addition, in June 2022, the Maluku Provincial Government issued letters of recommendation for PBPH permits for two companies with a total concession area of around 191,955 hectares1. PT Bumi Lestari Internasional and PT Alam Subur Indonesia are subsidiaries of Muller Karbon Kapital, part of the large holding company Melchor Group Indonesia or Melchor Tiara Pratama (MTP)2. This company is trying to develop a carbon trading project called the Cendrawasih Aru Project, which covers an area of 591,957 hectares.3.